Amber tours Amber tours






Situated in northeastern Europe with a coastline along the Baltic Sea, Latvia is geographically the middle of the three Baltic states.

  • The Territory of Latvia: 64,589 square kilometers (24,938 square miles)
  • International code: LV
  • Constitution: democratic parliamentary republic
  • Official language: Latvian
  • Total population:  2 274 700 
  • Capital city: Riga (with 724 000 inhabitants)
  • Administrative organisation: 7 cities, 65 towns, 26 regions, 11 districts, 467 parishes
  • Traditionally divided into 4 regions: Vidzeme, Latgale, Kurzeme and Zemgale
  • Largest cities apart from Riga: Daugavpils, Jelgava, Jurmala, Liepaja, Rezekne, Ventspils
    Major ports: Ventspils, Riga, Liepaja
  • Ethnic composition: Latvians -59.0% ( 1348344 ) , Russians - 28.3% (646567), Belorussians - 3.7% (85434), Ukrainians - 2.5% (57794), Poles- 2.4% (54831), Lithuanians - 1.4% (31034), Others - 2.1%
  • Religion: Non-religious - 35%, Lutheran - 24%, Catholic - 18%, Orthodox - 15%, Others - 8%
    Currency: Lats (LVL), 1 lats = 100 santimi
  • Time: GMT +2, from April to November GMT +3
  • International telephone code: +371



Useful links

Maps of Latvia

Video presentations of Latvia

Photo gallery of Latvia

Brochures about Latvia





1. Riga Old Town. Charming old city on UNESCO World Heritage list

Established in 1201, the old centre of Riga was encircled by fortifications until the mid 19th century. Here are the oldest buildings in Rīga: the Dome Cathedral, St. Peter's Church, St. John's Church, St. Jacob's Church, the ‘Three Brothers’ houses, and Rīga Castle, which also houses the Latvian History Museum and the Foreign Art Museum. The centerpiece of Rātslaukums Square is the reconstructed Blackheads' House, which was destroyed in World War II and is now owned by Rīga Council.

2. Rīga - Jugendstil Metropolis. World capital of Art Nouveau

Riga's Jugendstil buildings amaze everyone both in their quantity and their high quality of workmanship. Although Alberta and Elizabetes Streets are particularly well-known for Jugendstil architecture, these beautiful buildings can be seen in all parts of the city that were built in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

3.The Dome Cathedral of Riga. The largest church building in Latvia

The cornerstone for the Dome Cathedral, which is the seat of the archbishop of the Latvian Evangelical Lutheran Church, was laid on 1211. The architecture of the church includes elements of Early Gothic, Baroque and other styles, but the main building and the attached cloister form a harmonic ensemble nevertheless. This is the largest church building in Latvia, and inside one can find many art treasures.

4. Latvian Open-Air Museum. One of the oldest open-air museums in Europe

The Latvian Open-Air Museum, established in 1924, is one of the oldest open-air museums in Europe. It is  located in   pleasant  surroundings   by  Lake  Jugla   5 km  from the Riga city center. Walk through traditional farmsteads, fishermen’s dwellings, and craft workshops from all corners of Latvia. In addition, the museum has two wooden churches, a tavern, windmill, and other rural buildings. There are craft fairs and organ and folk music concerts in the museum during the summer. 18 master craftsmen and artisans work at the museum: weavers, blacksmiths, woodworkers, basket makers, potters, bee¬keepers and others.

5. Jūrmala Beach. The lagest resort in the Baltic States

Jurmala, 20 km from  Riga, a stunning 33 km long sandy beach provides many recreational options all year round. In summer it is possible to go windsurfing, play beach volley-ball and football, then in winter walking and cross-country skiing along the beach are both very healthy.Jurmala beach is perfectly suitable for children since the coastline is shallow. Hundred year-old pine trees grow on the coastal dunes, creating wonderful clean air. Behind the beach are many spa hotels, guest houses, campsites, Jurmala Open-air museum, Dzintari concert hall and Livu Aquapark, the largest water amusment park in Northern Europe.

6. Kuldīga Old Town. Charming little town in the western part of Latvia

Kuldiga Old Town is a candidate for UNESCO World Heritage Site status. The town also boasts the widest waterfall in the Baltics on the River Venta - 2 m high and 249 m wide. The waterfall can be viewed up close or from the old brick bridge that dates to 1874 and is one of the longest bridges of its type in Europe (166 m).

7. Ungurmuiža estate house. One of the oldest wooden buildings in Latvia

The 1732 Ungurmuiža estate house, whose interior is adorned with 18th century paintings, is one of the oldest wooden buildings in Latvia. The garden has an 18th century tea pavilion and cemetery with the former von Kampenhausen estate owners' family chapel. The adjacent school building, built in 1734, offers lodging and rooms for seminars.

8. Turaida Museum Reserve. Natural, cultural and historical

This 42 hectare area includes the remains of Turaida Castle (1214-1566), Baznīckalns Hill, a medieval cemetery, the legendary grave of the ‘Rose of Turaida’, a little wooden church (1750), and the former Turaida estate buildings with various museum exhibits. An ancient Gauja Liv settlement area, now converted into the Folk Song Park and Dainu Hill, is also here. The view of the Gauja River valley from the Turaida Castle tower is unforgettable.

9. Rundāle Palace. Romantic, Rural and Royal

Kurzeme's Baroque gem and the former residence of Duke Biron of Kurzeme, Rundale Palace was planned by and built under the direction of Russian court architect FB Rastrelli from 1736 to 1740. The interior of the palace has been restored and is mostly in the Rococo style. There are exhibits showing the history of the castle, the Biron dynasty, and other related subjects. The palace also has a restored Baroque park.

10. Cēsis Old Town and Castle. Medieval City in the heart of Vidzeme

 Situated  in the   heart  of Vidzeme, Cesis is  one  of the prettiest and  most typically  Latvian of  all  towns.It flourished during the time of the Livonian Order, when it became a member of the Hanseatic League as Wenden. The brightest testimonies to this period are the Cēsis medieval castle (13th-18th centuries) and St. John's Church (13th c.). The town flourished again in the mid 19th century, when it became an important transportation hub. Nowadays the history of Cēsis and the beauty of the surrounding area attract visitors to this centre of Vidzeme tourism.

Contact form
AmberTours on Facebook
Amber Tours Catalogs